There are many types of contaminants that can get into your water. Pathogens or disease-causing microbes are one example of contaminants that can endanger the health of anyone drinking the contaminated water. In some cases, these pathogens can cause conditions that can be fatal. Thus, it is important to know about the different ways to disinfect water.
Heat is one of the most commonly used method for disinfection of water. Boiling water for at least one minute kills most of the bacteria and other microbes that are common in the environment. This method is commonly used in areas that have very limited water access. Keep in mind that there are pathogens such as viruses that are very resistant to heat.
There are plenty of types of water filtration systems that are used to remove or kill off microbes in the water. Some water filters can have two or more treatment processes in order address more types of contaminants. What treatment processes you need for your filter system is dependent on the result of the water analysis.
Chemical disinfectants are commonly used by public water suppliers to kill and prevent microbial growth in the water. There are certain risks to using this method. Some disinfectants can react with naturally occurring minerals in the water which results to a dangerous substance.
Ultraviolet treatment is another very effective way to disinfect water. The ultraviolet ray is very effective in killing off microbe. Thus, it is often used in laboratory settings for aseptic practices. Due to its effectiveness, many new water filter systems are equipped with ultraviolet treatment capabilities.